Port of Prague
Moody, romantic, historic, mysterious: Think Franz Kafka, baroque music, medieval and Renaissance buildings, opera, small avant-garde theaters, marionettes, and the Velvet Revolution. All of these (and more) make the capital of the Czech Republic a must-do on a European river cruise.
Prague serves as a transfer destination for Danube River cruises, as well as cruises that eventually hit the Main, Rhine and Moselle rivers. Passengers frequently overnight here for one day or more before journeying by bus to meet their ships.
Modern-day Prague is shaped by a storied past that dates to the ninth century. Once part of the Holy Roman Empire, the city played a major role in the Protestant Reformation and the Thirty Years' War, and was later an important part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Historical figures associated with the city include the larger-than-life Bohemian Emperor Charles IV and, later, Empress Maria Theresa.
The former Czechoslovakia was occupied by the Germans from 1939 to 1945. While the country suffered the hardships of World War II, Prague itself -- unlike other European capitals -- was not bombed extensively (although Americans accidentally knocked out around 100 buildings in Prague's historic center). Because so much of the city remained unscathed, architectural styles span the centuries: Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque, Rococo, Art Nouveau and Cubist. It's not an overstatement to say there is no other place quite like it.
Liberated by Soviet troops in 1945, Czechoslovakia operated as a Soviet-style state for decades; not until the 1970s did dissident groups begin to organize against the Communist regime. But democracy was slow to take hold. It wasn't until after the famed Prague Spring uprising in 1968 and the student-led Velvet Revolution in 1989 that playwright and former political prisoner Vaclav Havel was elected president. Full, multiparty elections under a new constitution were held in 1992. One year later, the Czech Republic and Slovakia split into two nations.
Today's Praha, as this city of 1.3 million is called, is firmly a tourist destination, with high quality shops, restaurants with top chefs, a historic center designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site, and important museums. It's not unusual to see Austrians, Germans, Russians and Americans following tour guides (with those ubiquitous raised umbrellas) through Prague Castle and the warren of cobblestone streets that make up Old Town. But that's just part of the city's present-day persona. Take a few days here before or after your cruise to dive deeper.
Many cruises that include Prague also feature a couple of days in the city so you can dive deeper
Ships don't actually dock there; Prague serves as a jumping-off point for river sailings
From Prague Castle to Old Town and the Jewish Quarter, Prague teems with history
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Where You're Docked
Prague serves as a transfer destination for river cruises. Passengers frequently overnight for one day or more in Prague before journeying by bus to meet their ships.
Prague is one of a number of European cities that serve as departure and arrival points for major river cruises, but the ships do not dock there. Passengers meet at designated hotels and are bussed to their embarkation points. However, a number of local Vltava River trips -- some with dinner and music -- originate at the Charles Bridge.
Visitors who come a few days early would do well to reserve a room at one of the hotels right in the center of Old Town, where it's only a few blocks walk to theater, musical performances and restaurants. (Major cruise companies usually book travelers at international hotels, which are a long trek from the historic center.)
Good to Know
As in any large city, it is important to keep an eye out for pickpockets, especially in crowds. Men should not carry wallets in back pockets, and women should not let purses dangle. Many women wear the straps of their bags crisscross over the front.
On Foot: Prague is a walking city, split into several areas that span the Vltava River. There's the Castle perched high up on the west side with Lesser Town (Mala Strana) cascading down beneath it. An eight-minute walk away on the east side of the water -- and on flatter ground -- is the Old Town (Stare Mesto) with Old Town Square. New Town (Nove Mesto) with Wenceslas Square and Republic Square is south and contains the National Museum and the main train station.
By Metro: Even if you don't use the metro system, check out a subway station just to ride the escalator. They're extremely high and steep, and have become featured fodder on YouTube. Go to YouTube and enter Prague escalator in the search bar, and you'll see what we mean.
You cannot buy tickets onboard but typically, you can purchase tickets at hotel concierge desks. If not, they are sold from the yellow machines at metro, tram and bus stops, or at tobacconists or newsstands -- just look for the Tabak and Trafika signs. Fares are good system-wide, allowing you to travel for 90 minutes; it can also be used on buses and streetcars. Don't forget to validate your ticket by inserting it into one of the yellow boxes before you enter the station. Subway stops most utilized by tourists are Mustek, the city center; Staromestska, Old Town; and Hradcanska, Prague Castle. Streetcar, number 22, stops at Prague Castle.
You can also buy tickets that are valid for 30 minutes. A Prague Card, available online and at the tourist bureau, can be used for both public transit and entry to Prague's major sights.
By Taxi: It's best to take a cab from your hotel or taxi ranks. If you do a hail a cab from the street, negotiate the price before setting off. Drivers usually speak limited English. The customary tip is 10 percent.
Currency & Best Way to Get Money
The official unit of currency of the Czech Republic is the Czech crown (Kc, CZK), which is divided into 100 hellers. Although it is possible to pay in euros for certain services and in many shops and restaurants (especially those near Old Town Square and the international hotels), it is better to get some local currency for a stay in the Czech Republic.
ATM machines are spread around the city and give the best exchange rates. The Currency Exchange offices charge commissions. ATM's, or bankomats, tend to be the least expensive way to obtain local currency.
Czech is the official language in Prague, and it is difficult to learn. English is fast becoming the mainstream travel language as there are tourists from so many European countries. Most restaurants have menus in several languages, including English. Shopkeepers usually know enough so that they can make transactions. Concierges in the major hotels and restaurants are usually fluent in English, and most waiters usually know enough to take an order from an English menu with some pointing. Since English is taught in schools, most young people are comfortable with the language, and like to practice on tourists. The Czechs are very friendly, and will be delighted if you try such basic words as Hello (Ahoy) or Thank you (Dekuji; DICK-kwee). No need to enroll at Berlitz before you visit.
Food and Drink
Care for some potatoes with your potatoes? Czech food is heavy, and lunch is typically the main meal of the day. It generally starts with a hearty soup (often potato) followed by an entree of meat (often pork) and potatoes or bread dumplings. Popular desserts include apple strudel and small cakes with poppy seeds. As for beverages, plum brandy and locally-brewed beer are huge favorites.
A basic lunch can be had for about 50 to 70 crowns, not including drinks. Most restaurants accept credit cards, but don't include the tip on it, or it will likely go to the owner. It's best to tip in cash, 10 percent to 15 percent of the check. It's perfectly fine (and appreciated) to tip in U.S. dollars or euros.
For an elegant dining experience, the riverside Bellevue Restaurant is well known for its superb cuisine and views of the Charles Bridge and Prague Castle. Sundays, there's live jazz and a Champagne brunch. The restaurant, open noon to 3 p.m. and 5:30 p.m. to 11 p.m., is located in Old Town at Smetanovo Nab.18. Among many other selections, Bellevue features a "Best of Bohemia" multi-course meal, served with optional wines.
Old Town Square and its environs are filled with festive, outdoor cafes and restaurants. Many have menus with photographs that make it easy to order. For lovers of Art Nouveau, lunch in the Kavarna Obecni dum -- the restaurant in the Municipal House, the city's most prominent Nouveau building -- is worth a stop. Lunch is served in an elegant, beautifully appointed room with lofty ceilings, huge windows and period crystal chandeliers. It's open daily, at Namesti Republiky 5, from 7:30 a.m. to 11 p.m. for cafe fare.
Czechs love beer -- in fact, there are tours built around pub crawls. Prague has a number of notable brew pubs, including two in New Town: U Fleku, a European-style beer hall and micro-brewery at Kremencova 11, and Novomestsky Pivovar, a pub-style restaurant and micro-brewery at Vodickova 20. U Fleku, open daily from 9 a.m. to 11 p.m., has a house specialty that includes one-quarter of a duck, half a sausage and fillet of pork shoulder. Novomestsky Pivovar is known for its goulash, pork knuckle and roast goose. It opens at 10 a.m. on weekdays, 11:30 a.m. on Saturdays and at noon on Sundays.
Or, stop by for a drink at the old-time Golden Tiger pub on Husova Street, the Old Town venue long popular with the city's intelligentsia. It's open from 3 p.m. to 11 p.m.
Celetna, one of Prague's oldest streeets, runs right off Old Town Square, and is a great place to find souvenirs and Czech handicrafts. Manufactura shops sell Czech products such as natural cosmetics, decorations and wooden toys. Botanicus is a Czech brand known for its high-quality, organic handmade cosmetics, spice and herbs. Beautiful marionettes can be bought in the shops in Nerudova Street, leading from the Lesser Town Square up to the Castle, or at Marionety Truhlar next to the Charles Bridge in U luzickeho Seminare Street 78/5. For Czech design glass, go to Moser Shop situated in Na Prikope Street. Artel has three high-quality design stores in the city: Artel Mala Strana, U Luzickeho seminare 82/7; Artel Old Town Celetna 29 (entrance on Rybna); and Artel Concept Store at Platnerska 7.
On Parizska, nicknamed Paris Street, the fashion gods reside. Those with money to drop and a need for the latest style of evening dress, suit, shoes, jewelry or cut glass will want to shop here. It's akin to Schanzelize Street in Paris or the Via Condotti in Rome, and stretches from Old Town Square to the Cechuv Bridge. Both sides are lined with beautifully embellished Art Nouveau buildings.